Type of service:
Weekly, joint child-parent sessions guided by child-caregiver interactions. Interventions often include dyadic play with developmentally appropriate toys selected to strengthen the caregiver-child relationship and foster dialogue about potentially traumatic experiences as a way to make meaning of these experiences and restore a sense of safety. Initial assessment includes individual sessions with caregiver to discuss emerging assessment findings, agree on course of treatment, and plan how to introduce treatment to the child.
Hospital/clinical; home; schools; community settings;
Number of sessions:
Ranging from 12-40 sessions depending on need
Type(s) of trauma addressed:
Domestic violence, child physical and sexual abuse, traumatic grief, community violence, war and terrorism, medical trauma
Child-caregiver sessions are interspersed with individual sessions with the caregiver as clinically indicated.
Goals of CPP include: 1) Enhancing child and family real and perceived safety; 2) Strengthening emotion regulation and body-based regulation capacities; 3) Enhancing caregivers’ reflective capacities and ability to make meaning of their child’s behavior; 4) Strengthening caregiver-child relationship and supporting developmentally appropriate interactions; 5) Supporting child and caregiver in making meaning of potentially traumatic experiences and placing these experiences in perspective; 6) Changing maladaptive behavior patterns.
- Focus on impact of trauma on infants and young children
- Focus on intergenerational and historical trauma as well as family and cultural strengths as a way to break intergenerational cycles of violence
- Focus on child-caregiver relationship as focus of treatment
- Applications of CPP include Perinatal CPP
Information for this summary was abstracted from the NCTSN publication, Trauma-Informed Interventions: Clinical and Research Evidence and Culture-Specific Information Project and other publications.